Vocational Training Report: Many young people find their way to training only with support

Kolping Association Germany gGmbH


Vocational Training Report: Many young people find their way to training only with support

The training market is still severely affected by the pandemic. Young people’s demand for training places has fallen more sharply than supply. The limited offerings of career guidance and preparation make the transition from school to training more difficult, especially for young people with special needs for support. Support Offers from Youth Careers Assistance urgently needs to be strengthened in order to reach all youth for training and thus enable a qualified start in working life.

Cologne – 05/12/2022

Young people’s demand for apprenticeships has also fallen dramatically in the second year of the coronavirus. 433,500 young people were registered with the Federal Employment Agency as training seekers, which is 39,400 less than the same period last year (-8.3 percent), with a decrease of 7.6 percent already observed in 2020. This means that the number of young people looking for a training job 78,200 fewer young people than expected in the pre-Corona 2019 year – and yet with an uncertain whereabouts. The three Kolbing Societies were deeply concerned about the figures in the recently published Vocational Training 2022 Report of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) in the joint declaration “Enabling Access to Training for All!”.

The pool of training places is also behind the pre-corona level: a total of 536,200 training places have been reported. That was 8,800 more than the same period last year. Compared to the year before Corona 2019, there were 42,200 fewer coaching positions. The experiences of the financial crisis give reason to fear the stability of supply at such a lower level. This results in a double problem: for companies, the shortage of young people with the right skilled workers is getting worse and for young people there is a greater risk of falling into a downward spiral of precarious employment, unemployment and poverty.

Lack of support makes it difficult to start training

The sharp decline in interest in training during the Corona pandemic cannot be attributed to the demographic change, as there was a slight increase in the number of school dropouts. Instead, it appears here that the limited range of career guidance options, such as the lack of internships or canceled training fairs, made the transition from school to training and work significantly more difficult. This was largely true of young people with special needs for support, where access to professional assistance offers for young people was only partially available. “It is therefore urgently necessary to strengthen offers of support for professional aid for young people – such as those offered by training companies in Kolping or youth housing – in order to reach all young people for training and thus enable a qualified start in professional life,” said Alexandra Horster, Federal Secretary of the German Kolping Association. for the three Kolbing Societies.

Give all young people a coaching perspective

The goal should be to help as many young people as possible to get a good start in working life so that they can look forward to their careers with confidence. This requires promoting youth social work with its low-threshold work-related offerings and outreach elements. Youth job support offerings such as robust youth-oriented training should be strengthened and developed. For young people looking for a training job nationwide, a youth housing offer accompanied by a social pedagogical style is required.

A more detailed explanation of the professional training report of the three Kolping associations (Kolping Germany, Kolping Germany EV and Kolping Houses EV) can be found here.

The Kolping Association of Germany is a cross-generational Catholic social organization with over 220,000 members across the country in 2,350 local Kolping families, including about 40,000 children, adolescents and young adults belonging to the Kolping Youth. It is part of Kolping International and Kolping Europe.

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