They hold and leave and often have to deal with difficult clients. The bailiffs bear a lot of responsibility. Is training still fair?
In the future, professional shifters will also be able to train as preparers in Berlin. Senate Department of Justice spokeswoman Ante Dietrich explained that this applies from the next round of training if there are not enough suitable applicants from the judiciary.
So far, the next generation has been recruited from within the company’s own ranks, such as judiciary clerks or prison officers. At the end of March, 277 bailiffs were working in the capital.
According to the Department of Justice, the Berlin budget allocated 296 permanent jobs for the past year. She added that in mid-October, 274 bailiffs had been employed. Vacancies are held free for newly trained debt collectors (Bailiffs) or blocked for other reasons. In recent years, the number has ranged between 260 and about 280. This means that the situation is relatively stable compared to other eastern German states.
Training reorganization required
Educators complain about problems with young people, and therefore demand a reorientation of training. Instead of entering the middle judicial service plus a special 20-month career path, candidates must be able to begin a dual course of study immediately upon graduating from high school. “This has been practiced in Baden-Württemberg for six years,” said Daniela Merke, president of the Saxony-Anhalt Association of bailiffs. “It is still possible to go through a proper selection process there, because the actual number of applicants is many times greater than in other countries.”
The educators see the University of Economics and Law (HWR) in Berlin as a suitable training location for dual training. Judges in Berlin, Brandenburg and Saxony-Anhalt are already being trained there. Merck said the employers’ associations in Saxony-Anhalt, Saxony, Thuringia, Brandenburg and Berlin as well as Mecklenburg-Vorpommern support network training at HWR.
Fewer and fewer applicants meet the high requirements
Everyone faces the same problems: there is a shortage of suitable young people. In all training laws in the federal states of East Germany, it is part of the basic requirement that only specially suitable civil servants be accepted into the intermediate judicial service for training as bailiffs. It is about the best of their year, who must have proven themselves in judicial practice.
“Because fewer and fewer applicants met these requirements, the emergency solution was to allow side entrants,” Merke explained. Paralegals, notaries or bank clerks, for example, can apply. “But even with this emergency solution, the demand can no longer be met.” In contrast to the states that do not belong to the cities, professional raiders have not yet been able to advance in Berlin.
Merck pointed out another aspect: “The job description has changed dramatically in the past fifteen years. We have been given new, bigger tasks through many different legal reforms.”
Obtaining information about debtors from the authorities
Instead of just foreclosure and eviction, bailiffs are now responsible for the debtor’s disclosure of their financial situation. They independently obtained information from authorities such as the Federal Motor Transport Authority, the Central Federal Tax Office or the German Pension Insurance Agency in order to verify the information. There are many legal requirements and requirements related to data protection that must be checked.
Regarding the bailiff’s association’s request, the Senate’s Department of Justice said Berlin is not currently planning a session. “According to feedback from court practice, bailiffs are well trained in the tasks they have to perform,” spokeswoman Dietrich said. However, experiences in other federal states will be followed with a degree program.