nIt is precisely the accommodation and care of refugees from Ukraine that is now focusing more on their integration about two months into the war.
At the Chancellery’s Refugee Summit, federal, state and local governments agreed that above all, child care and education must be improved. Because a large proportion of the refugees are women with children. Many Ukrainian refugee women have an education, but very few speak German.
The head of the German Association of Cities, Mayor Markus Lewy (CDU), said on Monday at the start of the conversation, which was attended by Chancellor Olaf Schulz (SPD) and other members of the Cabinet. The city council has asked the federal government to contribute to the costs. Procedures for quick identification of teachers and educators from Ukraine are also needed.
Many want to come back quickly
However, the authorities, aid organizations and volunteers who have been looking after the arrivals since the beginning of the Russian attack on Ukraine report the difficulty of preparing for a situation dependent on the course of the war and thus difficult to plan. “Many want to return as soon as possible. Some already. But if we look at Mariupol or Donbass, a quick return will not be possible for everyone,” said the integration official in the federal government, Reem Al-Abali-Radovan (SPD), aiming for the great destruction in these areas . That is why they now need prospects and opportunities to participate in Germany.
By Monday, the Federal Police had determined that 379,123 war refugees from Ukraine had entered the country. Since Ukrainians can enter the country for 90 days without a visa and there are usually no firm controls at the EU’s internal borders, the exact number of refugees due to the war is likely to be much higher. Ukrainians have to register only after 180 days or if they have applied for state benefits in advance. By the end of last week, the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (Bamf) had registered and processed about 180,000 people seeking protection from Ukraine for identification purposes. According to the Federal Ministry of the Interior, there are about 7,500 people of non-Ukrainian citizenship among them.
69% of females
According to the information, about 69 percent of registered Ukrainian citizens are female. About 39 percent of Ukrainians who seek protection known to PAMV are children. “There should be a central registration of unaccompanied minor refugees from Ukraine as soon as possible,” Save the Children’s managing director, Florian Westphal, said after the German news agency meeting. A number of minors were also accompanied by “distant acquaintances”. It is important that local youth welfare offices are also made aware of this group – even in places where these children and young people are privately housed. In his view, it would be desirable to establish safe places where children can play and receive care wherever new refugees arrive. There is also an opportunity to identify potential problems and the need for care.
According to the participants, the Chairman of the Conference of Prime Ministers, Prime Minister of North Rhine-Westphalia, Hendrik Fust (CDU), said that it is important to promote Ukrainian culture in Germany. Russian President Vladimir Putin wants to “erase the Ukrainian people and their identity” and this must be confronted.
Alabali-Radovan thanked the countries for housing so many people in such a short time. She said the federal government would provide financial support and that the Cabinet would decide on a supplementary budget on Wednesday.
Non-public meeting after that
“From the touching confrontations with the refugees, we can only guess at the enormous suffering that Russian forces inflict on the civilian population,” said Federal Minister of the Interior Nancy Visser. According to the participants, there were also emotional moments at the non-public meeting in the Chancellery, to which representatives of many Ukrainian clubs were invited.
In contrast to the refugee crisis in 2015, this time there are also many elderly people who need care among the refugees. About 60 people in Germany are cared for by elderly Holocaust survivors, who have been taken to safety via an evacuation organized by the Jewish Claims Conference.