Gentz told Handelsblatt newspaper that the shift from state support to basic security by June 1 would “increase the workload” of lower powers for foreigners. “It will be of great importance that the Federal Police also register refugees from Ukraine.”
Strobel told Handelsblatt that matters beyond purely humanitarian aid must be considered. Especially in such a humanitarian catastrophe, one must also know who is coming to the country, who is staying here and who is traveling. “That’s why the federal government should be more involved here, doing everything possible to ensure that people arriving are also registered and have a security check.”
The bloc’s parliamentary bloc is already warning of chaos if the federal government does not guarantee “full registration” of refugees after entry.
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Because this is the prerequisite for orderly distribution and orderly admission, said the parliamentary group Andrea Lindholz (CSU) of Handelsblatt. More than five weeks after the outbreak of the war, only a quarter of all Ukrainian refugees were registered in the Central Register of Foreigners. To this day, it is not known exactly who actually entered the country and where he resided. “This chaos puts women and children at risk and encourages abuse,” said the CSU politician.
Criticism of technical problems in registration
Lindholz demanded that an “exception” for Ukrainian refugees be organized in a legally valid manner. And she warned that “the change from the Asylum Seekers Benefits Act to the Social Security Act should not become a plan.” “The basic principle of our asylum law, which is individual case examination, must continue to apply.” Help and control must go hand in hand.
So far, refugees have received fewer benefits under the Asylum Seekers Benefits Act. With the switch to basic security, which was decided last Thursday at a conference of prime ministers, they will have easier access to the labor market. Basic warranty costs are borne by the federal government, i.e. the standard monthly rates.
In addition, the federal government is paying the federal states and municipalities a flat rate of €2 billion this year: €500 million to further assist municipalities with accommodation costs, and €500 million as a down payment to the federal states to cover costs. Which originated until June and is still to come.
In addition, €1 billion is flowing in as a contribution to the costs of the integration, for example day care, school places and healthcare.
However, for the job centers to be able to perform their tasks from June, they need the basic data of the refugees. According to Gents, cities and municipalities are “overburdened” with registration. The reason is also the so-called Mass Flow Directive that has been activated for Ukrainian refugees. You can obtain temporary protection status and a work permit without going through a lengthy asylum procedure.
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Gentz explained that the state supports municipalities by registering for primary reception facilities. “It will be necessary to obtain additional relief by the federal government, especially since there are always technical problems with the registration stations provided by the federal government, which makes registration by the state and lower immigration authorities more difficult.”
The new distribution system is facing resistance in the countries
In the federal and state decision issued last Thursday, there is talk of accelerating and improving registration for those who remain in Germany. This also includes resolving technical IT issues as quickly as possible.
Authorities still lack an overview of how many people from Ukraine are actually here and where they reside. As of Monday, the federal police had identified 331,642 refugees, most of them women, children and the elderly. But everyone assumes numbers much higher than that. Because people with a Ukrainian passport can enter the country without a visa and stay for 90 days without registration.
The Federal Ministry of the Interior recently asked the federal states to verify whether additional recording devices would have to be ordered in order to increase capacities. The so-called spade stations are provided by the Bundesdruckerei.
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The abbreviation spade stands for “infrastructure component of personnel” in immigration authorities. Capture devices include a camera, a document verification device, and a fingerprint scanner, among other things.
The Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF) currently supports registration offices with 170 registration machines and 260 employees. In order to improve the distribution of refugees nationwide, the federal government also relies on the newly developed registration and distribution system of the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF) for refugees from Ukraine called “Free”.
The federal and state governments agreed that the “Specialized Application for the Administration of Registration, Registration and Initial Distribution of Temporary Protection” (“free”) should be “offered and improved everywhere.”
At arrival centers, reception facilities and immigration authorities, it should then be easier to record the name, date of birth, nationality and other personal data of each person who has arrived.
However, “Free” faced resistance from states as early as the testing phase. In internal emails from refugee offices in countries, which Tagesspiegel quotes, it is said that “the time required increases dramatically,” the system “presents an insurmountable obstacle” and therefore “unsustainable.”
Countries with fewer refugees hitherto should especially prevent themselves, because in the future it will also be possible – at least in the short term – to take in more people at once than the Königstein key would allow.
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